At the initiative of the UN 9 December is International Anti-Corruption Day (International Day Against Corruption). On this day in 2003 in the Mexican city of Merida in the high-level political conference was opened for signature by the United Nations Convention against Corruption, adopted by the UN General Assembly on November 1, 2003.
The document commits signatory states to declare a felony bribery, embezzlement of budget funds and laundering of the proceeds of corruption. According to one of the provisions of the Convention, it is necessary to return the funds to the country from whence they came as a result of corruption.
Convention in 2003 — the first of its kind. It is especially important in countries where corruption is detrimental to all the structures of the national welfare.
Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General Hans Corell, announcing the decision to establish the International Anti-Corruption Day, called on representatives from more than 100 countries gathered at the conference to sign the Convention. It should be an important instrument of international law to deal with corruption, "causing damage to the development of countries and posing a threat to democracy and the rule of law regime."
Russia among the first countries to sign the Convention. As stressed in his speech at the forum head of the Russian delegation, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexei Meshkov — "Russia is an uncompromising fight against corruption and is ready for constructive cooperation on anti-corruption front, with all States and relevant international organizations».
In this day in many countries around the world held demonstrations, meetings, conferences, seminars and other events to mark the International Day against Corruption.