In many churches, celebrating Christmas on December 25, with the four weeks before the holiday begins pre-Christmas period. In some countries, it is called the Nativity Fast, some — for this period, there is no specific name, but most of those four weeks are called Advent.
The word "Advent" comes from the Latin «adventus», which means "arrival", "coming". The first written mention of Advent — four week period of preparation for Christmas — found in the VI century (in the year 524), when the Synod of Bishops in Lerida banned wedding parties, starting with the most up to Advent and Epiphany.
In the different countries of the world have developed distinctive national traditions associated with this period, but now, at the beginning of the third millennium, the typical signs that indicate the onset of Advent — Advent wreath and calendar.
Second Sunday of Advent
Second Sunday of Advent is celebrated exactly one week after the First Sunday of Advent. On this day, light a candle, and the prophecy of the second candle in the Advent wreath — Bethlehem candle. Bethlehem candle represents the coming to earth of Jesus, the Son of God, born of the Virgin Mary. It is a bright symbol of the preparations for the meeting of the Christ Child.