International Civil Aviation Day

6 December in 1996, the General Assembly proclaimed the December 7 International Civil Aviation Day (International Civil Aviation Day), and urged the government, as well as national, regional, international and intergovernmental organizations, to take appropriate steps to observe it.

Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO) — a specialized agency of the United Nations — announced this day in 1992 in order to focus on the success of the international civil aviation and expansion.

ICAO began to mark this day, December 7, 1994, in connection with the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Convention on International Civil Aviation), according to which established ICAO. In the future, this decision and supported the UN.

Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization, primarily sets international standards of civil aviation and coordinate its development in order to improve safety and efficiency. Also in the ICAO task is not only to ensure the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world, but also various aspects of the organization and coordination of international cooperation on all questions of civil aviation, including international transport.

Flag ICAOV accordance with the rules of the international ICAO airspace is divided into Flight Information Regions — air space whose boundaries are established taking into account the capabilities of navigation and air traffic control. One of the functions of ICAO is to assign individual airports of the world four-letter codes — identifiers used for the transmission of aeronautical and meteorological information on airports, flight plans, etc.

In the Russian civil aviation began to emerge in the first years of Soviet power — in 1923 opened the first airline Moscow — Nizhny Novgorod length of 420 kilometers. Opening of the first air line to transport passengers Moscow — Nizhny Novgorod led to the creation of the All-Russian Society of voluntary fleet, called "Dobrolet».

Planning and Development airlines required the introduction of technical control over them. February 9 1923 Labor and Defense Council passed a resolution on the organization of the Civil Aviation. This day can be considered as the date of birth of civil aviation in the USSR.