Dec. 4 in the Catholic liturgical calendar — the Day of Saint Barbara ( St. Varvara's Day), which is associated with the name of a beautiful legend.
St. Barbara was the daughter of a noble pagan Dioscorus, she lived with her father in the Phoenician city of Heliopolis, in the reign of Maximian Galerius (305-311). She soon lost her mother and was surrounded by servants, many of whom were Christians.
Dioskoros When he learned that his beloved daughter a secret from his father became a Christian, his father's anger knew no bounds. The girl was being shut up in a tower, attached to his house. All attempts to force the Barbarian abandon the Christian faith, again worshiping pagan gods, were rejected.
Once Dioskoros in rage drew his sword and wanted to hit them Barbara, but she ran away. Dioscorus was catching up with her, but the road was blocked by Barbara Mountain. Then she turned to God for help. Mountain parted, and she went into the cleft through which came out on top of the mountain. There Varvara hid in a cave (since St. Barbara is the patron of miners).
However, the rock could not long hide the girl. Dioskoros daughter found by a shepherd and brutally beat her. Closing the Barbarian in a small dark room, he began to starve her hunger and thirst to get to renounce the Christian faith. Failing to achieve this, he gave his daughter in the hands of the ruler martial and persecutor of Christians.
Martian long tried to persuade the St. Barbara worship idols. He promised her all sorts of creature comforts, and then seeing her intransigence, gave over to torture. God punish torturers Barbara: Dioscorus and Martian killed by lightning.
In the VI century, the relics of Saint Barbara were transferred to Constantinople. In the Middle Ages Barbara was revered as one of the 14 Holy Helpers of the Lord of heaven and as the mediator, "happy" hour of death.
A considerable number of the finest images of the Great can be seen among the collection of the National Gallery of Art in Anezhskom medieval monastery. The distinguishing mark of the image of Saint Barbara — an indispensable presence on images towers and mountains.
If you recall the ancient Russian history, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus (1081-1118), Princess Varvara, marrying a Russian prince Sviatopolk Izjaslavavich (in holy baptism Michael), has brought with him to Kiev in 1108 the relics of Saint Barbara, where they now repose in the Vladimir Cathedral.