In March 1998, the General Assembly proclaimed the November 21 World Television Day (World Television Day) to commemorate the date of the first World Television Forum (World Television Forum) in 1996. States were invited to celebrate this day, sharing of television programs focusing on issues such as peace, security, economic and social development and the enhancement of cultural exchanges.
Although the holiday has been celebrated not long ago, the story began almost a TV 100 years ago. The first experiments with the use of electron beams to transmit and receive images on a certain distance conducted in the early 1920s in the United States, Japan and the Soviet Union.
In 1933, Russian-born American engineer Vladimir Zvorykin managed to invent a cathode tube, which still is a major part of the TV series. With the opening of Zworykin, already in 1936, began regular television programs in the UK and Germany, and in 1941 — in the United States.
However, only in the 50 years of the 20th century, television has received massive spread in Europe . In most developing countries, their own state and private TV stations have arisen later in the 60's — early 70's.
Today, the world is left, perhaps, states that are not covered in broadcasting. The largest broadcasting companies of the world are: CBC, NBC, ABC — in the United States; BBC, ATV — in the UK RAI — in Italy; NHK — Japan, ZDF — Germany.
The history of Russian television has its origins in experimental television broadcasts that took place in Moscow already in the 30's of the 20th century by malokadrovogo mechanical television system.
In 1932 he hosted the first broadcast of the moving image. In 1937 he organized the first television center on Shabolovke. Since 1938, it carried out an experimental broadcasting based on electronic systems, and in 1939 began regular television. First transmission was a demonstration of the film on the opening of the 18th Congress of the CPSU (b).
In the future, the active development of television in the Soviet Union, but the war. Two days before graduation — May 7 1945 — Telecentre on Shabolovke resumed broadcasting, and December 15 of the same year, the first in Europe started regular broadcasting twice a week.