workers holiday glass industry is celebrated on the birthday of the prominent Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov.
was the creator of the chemical production of glazes, glass and porcelain. Developed the technology, and the formulation of colored glass — tesserae (pieces of opaque homogeneous mixture of glass and metal oxides), which he used to create mosaic pictures. Developed the structure of the porcelain mass.
Glass, without which it is now almost impossible to do in any area of ??human life and activity, received over five thousand years ago. The oldest samples of glass products that have reached us, were discovered during the excavations of Egyptian cities.
In Russia the production of artistic glass products (mosaics, glassware, bracelets) has existed since the early 11th century. The technology of manufacturing glass was borrowed from the Byzantines, and in the time of Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev craftsmen began to produce lead-silica glasses.
Despite this long history, large scale production of glass has acquired only in the late 19th century with the invention of the furnace Siemens-Martin and factory production of soda. And as flat glass — a modern product does: its technology is developed in the second half of the 20th century.
It is estimated that in the period from 2000 to 2010 Russian glass industry has developed quite successfully, giving an annual increase 10-12% of its own production. Despite the crisis, the volume of domestic production were increased twice, along with the production of developed industrial science and engineering.
If the growth rate will remain the same, in the period from 2010 to 2020, the Russian glass industry will lead the production of flat Glass up to 500 million square meters per year, and for the production of glass figures released by the European Union — 22-25 square meters per person per year.