According to tradition, before the gain last earthly incarnation, Buddha Sakyamuni was in heaven Tushita (Tibetan Ganden, lit. "Garden of Joy"). Tushita — the fourth heaven, home to all the bodhisattvas before will become Buddhas. In order to transform the sky on this, you need to develop the four immeasurable Awakened Mind — Holy Love, compassion, sympathetic joy, and impartiality. This is Heaven caring beings, let them still remain sensual desires.
It is believed that Buddha Shakyamuni was reborn in this world as a teacher by the name of Shvetaketu and preached the teachings (Dharma), the inhabitants of heaven and of his mother.
Living Bodhisattva in the realm of happy gods, Buddha Sakyamuni realized that he needed to undertake the most recent reincarnation of the people on the ground in a well-known image of Prince Siddhartha Gautama. Coming down from the Tushita heaven to the human world, Shakyamuni put his crown on the head of the Future Buddha Maitreya, who is now preaching the doctrine gods there and waits for the time when he can come down to earth.
Meanwhile, Buddha, finding the earthly birth, after 29 years of happy life in the palace went in search of the truth, in 35 years, opened it for myself, sitting under the Bodhi tree, became enlightened, that is, the Buddha, and began to preach the doctrine.
Buddha's decision to acquire the last earthly birth, and open to all "the way of the Buddha" — this is the main idea of ??this festival.
In some countries, the celebration lasted almost Lhabab Duysen a month. In and around the temples are lit lamps and held prayer services (khurals) that complete the solemn processions and marches.
In the countries of Theravada Buddhism Festival of Lights marks the end of a monastic retreat during the rainy season (Vassa) and is dedicated to the descent of Buddha with Trayastrinsy heaven.
In all temples and monasteries are conducted rituals and ceremonies dedicated to this holiday, as well as the exit of the monastic community (Sangha) of those who entered into it for the period of the rainy season. In the full moon night, city squares, streets, houses, temples and stupas lit candles, oil lamps and light bulbs. In some monasteries, the sound of wind instruments remove the statues of Buddha with high pedestals and accompanied by a procession of monks driven through the streets to symbolize the action of the descent of the Buddha on Earth.
Festival concludes ceremony kathina (Sanskrit: "clothes") — donation of clothing to members of the Sangha, which is held in all the monasteries. In many areas, gifts are given to the members of the Sangha in turn: it posted in the monasteries of yellow flags, indicating that they performed reading of sacred texts that accompanied the ceremony kathina. Some lay people participate in several ceremonies kathina, trying to get that way as much merit.
Characteristic element of this holiday is an offering to the spirits of the rivers (the Master of water) on special trays set lighted candles, put the coins and food and then allowed these trays on the river. This offering is accompanied by a festive procession with fireworks, battle drums and a gong.