World Day against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day) is celebrated every year November 17 on the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) — a common name for a number of diseases in which there is a persistent blockage of airflow from the lungs. Used before the terms 'chronic bronchitis' and 'emphysema' are no longer used, they are included in the concept of COPD.
According to WHO estimates, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease affects 210 million people. Almost 90% of COPD deaths occur in low-and middle-income countries.
The main causes of the disease — tobacco smoke, air pollution, exposure to chemical fumes. COPD is not curable, but proper treatment can slow the progression of the disease. According to the forecasts of doctors, if no immediate action is taken to prevent the disease, the total deaths from COPD in ten years will increase by more than 30%.
As part of the World Day against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are taken Global steps to raise awareness of COPD and improve patient care. On this day all over the world health professionals conduct medical examinations, prevention and information activities. One of the important place occupied by a variety of actions aimed at combating smoking.