November 17 of the world celebrated the International Day of premature infants (World Prematurity Day). It was established in 2009 on the initiative of the European Foundation for the care of newborns (European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants, EFCNI).
Every year on the planet about 15 million babies are born prematurely, in other words, on average every 10th child born out of. More than one million of these children die shortly after birth, and many suffer from various types of physical and neurological disabilities or who have learning difficulties. According to statistics, premature birth is the cause of almost half of all newborn deaths in the world.
And, in recent years there has been a steady increase in children born prematurely. As you know, all newborns are vulnerable, but prematurely born — especially as the problem of premature birth remains a problem, misunderstood by society. Doctors tend to draw attention to the problem, including in Russia, where the number of children born preterm with very low and extremely low birth weight is also increasing.
It is worth noting that the increase in the incidence of preterm birth is due to several factors. First of all it is — a later age of women giving birth, the widespread use of fertility drugs, unreasonable conduct premature induction of labor and caesarean section. For the care of children who have received life as a result of such delivery, requires the most high-tech intensive care. But not only ...
After the birth of a premature baby — and it's very stressful for parents who need not only a qualitative treatment of their kids and material support, but also in counseling. And the knowledge that prematurity — not a sentence, and that a large number of premature babies have grown not only healthy and nutritious, but also outstanding people, are very important.
The idea of ??establishing the Day of premature infants raised the possibility of publicly and widely say about the existing problem in society, the need to address the pressing problems faced by doctors and families with premature babies, help them find support and understanding. Because prematurity — a problem that families and communities are facing regardless of wealth and level of development.
First International Day of premature infants took place in 2009 — the day in Vienna, at St. Michael's University Hospital Professor Arnold Pollack and Angelika Berger launched into the sky at the same time 500 white balloons — according to number of preterm infants who were born in Vienna in the year. In 2010, this day was already widely celebrated in 12 European countries.
Many famous people were born prematurely and have achieved incredible success (Photo: Mikhail Tchkheidze, Shutterstock) Today is premature children is becoming a popular annual event in many countries. Among the activities of the Day — TV shows and interviews, charity concerts and receptions, articles in the press and on the Internet, a variety of events and activities that are organized as government and health care in different countries, as well as public organizations. The main thing is that the purpose of all these actions is one — to inform the public about the dangers and consequences of premature birth, as well as prevention and the need to maintain a full term pregnancy.
It is important that in recent years in Russia on this issue drew the attention of and the state. Health and economic issues of nursing premature babies are successfully resolved within the framework of the priority national project "Health". In different regions of the country have opened more than 20 perinatal centers, which provide all necessary assistance to women in child-bearing, and then nursed the children weighing between 500 grams. Mortality of premature infants has decreased by 3-4 times, and significantly increased the survival rate very preterm infants — weighing up to 1 kilogram.
Still want to remind you that many famous people were born prematurely, but later became world famous geniuses among them — , , and others.