World Diabetes Day (World Diabetes Day) was introduced in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation (International Diabetes Federation) and the World Health Organization (World Health Organization) in response to the increasing threat of diabetes worldwide.
In January 1922, a young Canadian scientist (Frederick Banting) for the first time in the history of life saved by making an injection of insulin 14-year-old boy with severe juvenile form of diabetes. Instead, to obtain a patent for insulin and subsequently fabulously rich, Bunting conveys all the rights, University of Toronto. In the future, the rights to produce insulin moved to the Canadian Council on Health Research, and at the end of 1922 a new drug appeared on the market for medicines.
Since 2007, World Diabetes Day is held under the auspices of the UN. November 14 was chosen due to the fact that perpetuate the merits F. Bunting, born November 14 in 1891.
For many centuries, people did not know the means to control the disease, and the diagnosis of "diabetes" does not leave the patient no hope, not only for recovery, but also to life: without insulin — the hormone that ensures tissue glucose uptake, sick body does not exist maybe doomed to slow extinction.
Opening of Frederick Banting and his colleague Charles Best (Charles Best) saved the lives of millions of people. Although diabetes mellitus is still no cure, thanks to insulin, people have learned to keep the disease under control.
In 1923, recognizing the first great achievement of the 20th century in the field of biochemistry and medicine, Banting and Macleod (Macleod) was awarded the Nobel Prize. Best's merits were ignored, which is extremely hurt Bunting, and he voluntarily gave half his Nobel Prize Best.