Ashura

The tenth day of Muharram — Ashura Day (Day of Ashur ). On this day, according to the Qur'an, the creation of the heavens fall, the earth, the angels, the first man — Adam. Doomsday (apocalypse, end of the world) also occurs on the day of Ashura.

The tenth day of Muharram, the first month of the Muslim calendar — the day of mourning, to abide scrupulously by the adherents of Islam. This day was lost grandson — Hussein (626-680).

Hussein was the second son of the Prophet's daughter Fatima Mohammed. To avoid sectarian strife, Hassan, eldest grandson of the Prophet, went into an agreement with the caliph (supreme ruler) of Muawiya that after his death, his successor will not claim for themselves the title of Caliph. However, Yazid, son of Muawiya, broke the agreement and illegally seized power. As a despotic and corrupt, he wanted to subjugate the Imam Hussein, the younger brother of Hassan. He was looking for an opportunity to perform evil plan, and when Hussein went to Kufa with 72 members of his family and relatives started to implement it. Yazid and his men stopped Hussein near the river Euphrates, and subjected them to terrible torture and torment. Hussein and his followers bravely withstood all the trials, but flatly refused to recognize the Caliph Yazid.

On this day in most major cities of Gujarat to the streets long procession of the faithful, the accompanying "tazii" — smaller versions of the tomb of Hussein and lead a horse (in memory of Hussein's horse). This practice was started by Amir Timur, who invaded India in 1398. Timur built the first model of the tomb in Samarkand after returning from a pilgrimage to Karbala.

Procession "tezii" are accompanied by bands playing mournful tunes. Placed on special platforms gymnasts and acrobats, many adherents. Part of the festivities are also dramatic performances, raised the scenes of tragedy these many years.

Celebrate Ashura Day observance 2-wire or 3-days of fasting (9-10th, 10-11th or 9-11 — day of the month of Muharram). Fasting the day of Ashura was adopted by Muhammad after his moved from Mecca to Medina. Later, when it was installed in the obligatory fast Ramadan, fasting the day of Ashura was voluntary, but desirable from a Sunni Muslim.

Do Shia Muslims this post is required, since the day of Ashura coincided with the date of the main Shiite religious calendar — a day of remembrance of the Prophet Muhammad's grandson Imam al-Hussein ibn Ali (626-680), which in this day fell death of a shahid (fighter for the faith). Following these events, the content side of the 10th day of Muharram has acquired a different meaning.

Shiites first ten days of the month dedicate mourning the martyrdom of Hussein, for the entire month hold different religious ceremonies, during the execution of which are reproduced in the theater impromptu presentation event of the 10th day of Muharram.

Initially, on the day of Ashura falls relocation of Adam in Paradise and acceptance of repentance after his transgressions. On this memorable day, in different historical periods, Allah is the ten benefits of ten prophets (the ship of Nuh (Noah) landed on Mount Judi, after the Flood, the Prophet Abraham was born, ascended into heaven prophets Isaiah and Idris, the prophet Abraham was saved from the fire Gentiles, and Moussa his followers were saved from Pharaoh's persecution).