Day military intelligence established by order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation ? 490 of October 12 in 2000. In the early 19th century in Russia created the first intelligence agency — Expedition secret affairs at the Ministry of War.
November 1 in 1918 the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic approved the State of the Field Staff (FS), the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic. November 5 was introduced by order of the State of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic number 197/27.
As part of the Field Staff of the Red Army Order of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic was founded Registration Office (Registrupr) to coordinate the efforts of all the intelligence Army: Military Division of the Operations Department of the All-Russian General Staff Intelligence Department Operations Division of the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs, the Intelligence Branch of the Operations Department of the Supreme Military Council.
From this day dates back to the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, which is the direct successor Registrupra. That's why on November 5 is the day of the Soviet military intelligence.
Currently, military intelligence is part of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces. Exploration — is "eyes and ears" of the armed forces, the main means of obtaining information.
In the history of the Soviet Union occupied an important place counterintelligence activity structures.
So in April 1943, was organized by General Directorate of Intelligence "Smersh», to which was entrusted with the task of combating espionage, sabotage, terrorist activities of foreign intelligence, counter-betrayal and treason in units and institutions of the Red Army, desertion and self-harm at the front.