Autumn Festival Kazan Icon of the Mother of God — a celebration in honor of the liberation of Moscow from the Poles in 1612.
For a long time in Russia this day was celebrated as a national holiday. The whole country celebrated by one of the most popular in Russia image of the Virgin of Kazan, which showed to his miraculous intercession of Russia during the Time of Troubles.
In 1737 venerated image of Our Lady of Kazan was moved to St. Petersburg in the church Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the spot where in 1810's was built cathedral (Kazan Cathedral).
Kazan icon was in the militia led by Kuzma Minin and Prince Dimitry Pozharsky, when Russian troops liberated the Kremlin and Moscow from the enemy. In memory of this event on Red Square was built Kazan Cathedral, which was eliminated in the summer of 1936.
Significant event was marked November 4, 1993, when Moscow on Red Square was opened restored Kazan Cathedral.