Day of Russian Science

8 February 1724 (on January 28, Old Style), the Decree of the Senate on the orders of Peter in {event-Russia 196} founded the Academy of Sciences { / event}. In 1925 it was renamed the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and in 1991 — to the Russian Academy of Sciences.

June 7 in 1999 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation was established Russian Science Day with a date of celebration on February 8. The decree states that the festival was set up, "given the prominent role of national science in the development of the state and society, following the historical traditions and to celebrate the 275th anniversary of the founding of the Academy of Sciences in Russia┬╗.

, , , , { 1315 person-Peter Leonidovich Kapitsa} {/ person}, , , , — that's only a small part of the names of Russian scientists who have made a contribution to world science.

Russia was the first country where we developed the doctrine of the biosphere, the world's first space started babymoon, commissioned the world's first nuclear power plant.

Many Russian and Soviet scientists have been awarded Nobel Prizes. The first of the award, in 1904, became Academician IP Pavlov for his work on the physiology of digestion, etc., in 1908, — II for his work on immunity. The last winner was Russian physicist KS Novoselov, in 2010, won the Nobel prize for groundbreaking experiments on the two-dimensional material graphene.

Currently, the structure of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) has nine branches in areas and areas of science and three regional offices, and 15 regional research centers.

Postage Brand SSSRVsego the Academy has 470 research institutions, more than 55,000 scientists, including more than 500 800 academicians and corresponding members.

It is important to note that in Soviet times Science Day was celebrated on the third Sunday in April . When selecting a date guided by the fact that in 1918 between 18 and on April 25 VI was "Outline Plan for R & D work┬╗.

Until today, many research teams are celebrating the Day of Science "old way", that is, on the third Sunday of April.