International Animation Day (International Animation Day) was established by initiative of the French branch of the International Animated Film Association (The International Animated Film Association, ASIFA) in 2002 in honor of the 110th anniversary of the first public presentation of animation technology.
On this auspicious day — October 28 in 1892 — in Paris, artist and inventor Emile Reynaud (Emile Reynaud) convened an audience to a new, hitherto unseen by anyone spectacle — "optical theater» (theatre optique). A talented inventor of the first publicly demonstrated his device praksinoskop that showed moving pictures. Now we would call this event is the birth of the blueprints for modern cartoons, and this date is now considered the beginning of the era of animated films.
In many countries, festivities begin a few days before the date specified. On the eve of the International Day for animation professionals and fans of animated films from all over the world exchange their programs, movies, and arrange for the best-selling first-views appreciative audience, the whole year waiting for this event. Now these sessions have been held at the same time cartoons in 104 countries of the world!
Today, the technical possibilities of animation hit — it's a two-dimensional animation (traditional and digital), three-dimensional animation, animation, Flash, Stop Motion and VFX.
The first Russian animator (1906) was Alexander Shiryaev, choreographer Mariinsky Theatre, who created the world's first domestic puppet cartoon, which depicts 12 figures dancing on the background of fixed scenery.
Soviet graphic cartoon appeared in the years 1924-1925. In one 1924 at the studio "Kultkino" small group of artists produces a number of animated pictures: "The German business and affairs", "Story of a disappointment" (Boris Savinkov), "The Soviet toys" (directed by D.Vertov, animation A.Bushkina and A. Ivanov), "The case in Tokyo," "Humoresque" (directed by D.Vertov, animation and A.Bushkina A.Belyakova).
One of the first world-famous Soviet-length animated films became "The New Gulliver" Ptushko Alexander (1935).
In June 1936 was founded in Moscow film studio "Soyuzmultfilm». A generation of children has grown into good and clever stories, animated by "Soyuzmultfilm" such as DoReMi, Winnie the Pooh, the smallest Dwarf Hippo and Sunny, Burenka of Maslenkino, The Wolf and the Seven Little Kids, Kid, who thought to ten Kitten named Woof and many others.
In 2006, the veteran studio Soyuzmultfilm discovered a unique project "Museum of animation." Originally, the museum did not have a permanent place, but only a traveling exhibition, which introduces visitors to the process of creating a cartoon strip, mostly created in the period of 1960-1980 at the studio "Soyuzmultfilm".
Today, the museum is located in Moscow, VVC, and its exposure has more than five thousand exhibits. All rooms are equipped with screens on which a non-stop documentary footage on display, represented by a large number of interactive exhibits, works screening room. In the experimental cartoon workshop, everyone can try their own hand at this amazing art form.