Save the audiovisual heritage of the world — means to preserve our collective memory and ensure its transmission to future generations. We need to know the past to shape our common future based on dialogue and mutual understanding.
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova
In 2005, at its 33th session, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted a resolution in which proclaimed 27 October as the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage (World Day for Audiovisual Heritage) — to mark the anniversary of the adoption of the 1980 Guidelines on the Protection and Preservation of Moving Images. The resolution emphasizes that the preservation of the audiovisual heritage need special efforts because media are very vulnerable and ephemeral.
Audiovisual heritage to include film, radio and television programs, audio and video. Mass distribution of such documents began in the 20th century, and now they are one of the main carriers of primary information. They help to overcome language and cultural boundaries, equally effectively perceived by the ear, or as visually literate and illiterate people. In other words, audiovisual documents are complementary to the traditional written media.
According to UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova, audiovisual materials "should be seen as a mirror of human creativity and the living fabric of our cultures».
— The conservation of this heritage depends on the realization of its true value, — said Irina Bokova on the occasion of the World Day. — Unfortunately, much of it is irretrievably lost as a result of lack of understanding of its value, chemical decay or technological obsolescence. But can you imagine the loss of such crucial moments sealed us as the first landing on the moon or exit to freedom ?
Audiovisual Heritage by nature vulnerable. In this regard, UNESCO has taken a leading role in the preservation of perishable materials and sharing. Established in 1997, the international register "Memory of the World" currently consists of about 200 items of documentary heritage, including audio-visual, which have universal value.
Audiovisual history is stored in the Russian State Fund of television and radio programs. The archive includes about 1.5 million units.