Day Special Forces, celebrated each year on October 24, established by Presidential Decree number 549 of the May 31 in 2006 "On the establishment of professional holidays and memorial days in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation."
The history of the special units in Russia is considered to be the creation in 1918 of special purpose units — Rae. They are subordinate to the Cheka and were intended to deal with Basmachis in Central Asia and the rebels in the Russian Republic.
In the future, special units are located mainly Cheka (NKVD, MGB, KGB). October 24 1950 war minister of the USSR Marshal 2782 AM issued a directive instructing form to May 1, 1951 46 Special Purpose mouth by a staff of 120 people. In other words, was created by army commandos. Over time, the structure and the number of members of the Army Special Forces has changed more than once, but the essence of its purpose, in principle, has always remained the same.
Currently, special purpose units — it's paramilitary forces of the FSB, the Interior Ministry , Defense, Emergency Situations, Ministry of Justice and other federal government agencies (units, groups, reinforced by the group), have their own code names — «Alpha», «Knight »,«Pennant»,«Rus».
They are designed for anti-terrorist action, action to track down and arrest high-risk and armed criminals, the dismantling of criminal groups, the release of the hostages and other special operations.
The main feature of the special forces is their relatively small structure, excellent training, rage, surprise, initiative, speed, coherence, the skillful use of shock and maneuver capabilities of weapons, military equipment and protective properties of the terrain, time of day, weather conditions.