Eid al Fitr — the festival of sacrifice

Festival of Sacrifice Eid al Fitr (or Eid ul-Adha) is part of the Muslim ritual of pilgrimage to Mecca. Celebrated holiday in the valley of Mina near Mecca in the 10th day of the 12th month of the Muslim lunar calendar, Dhul-Hijjah and lasts 3-4 days.

Of course, not all Muslims can perform Hajj to Mecca to participate in the the main festival of Muslims in the holy place in person to sacrifice, so the canons of Islam require Muslims to perform the culminating part of the ritual, not only in Mecca, and everywhere where there may be a Muslim.

The mythology of this festival dates back to the famous biblical story about the attempt of bringing the patriarch Abraham (Arabic — Ibrahim) his son Isaac as a sacrifice to God. However, in place of the biblical Isaac Muslim tradition puts Ismail, considering his eldest son, and Isaac, according to Muslim ideas — the second son of Abraham. For this devotion and goodness of God rewarded Abraham, replacing the sacrifice of Ishmael lamb.

Celebrate the day of sacrifice, even if it does not happen in Mecca, beginning in the early morning. A little light Muslims go to the mosque for the morning prayer, but before you make a full bath, put on new clothes and neat as possible anoint yourself incense. Before the prayer is not recommended. At the end of the morning namaz (prayer) believers back home, and then, if desired, gather in groups on the streets or in the courts, where the chorus praise be to Allah (Takbeer). They then go to the mosque or in a specially designated area, where Mullah or Imam-Khatib delivers a sermon.

After preaching Muslims usually go to the cemetery to pray for the dead. After returning from the cemetery, start the sacrificial rite as a sign of readiness to serve God. To sacrifice the Muslims specially fattened chosen animal.

Muslim, having made the slaughter, should not skimp on entertainment, it is imperative to feed the poor and hungry. Ritual meal — lean, Sadaqah — arranged as to avoid all kinds of misery and disease.

Relatives, friends and relatives during the holiday trying to make gifts. In the following days after the holiday usually pays a visit to the families and friends of friends, as Seen in the days of the festival of sacrifice is considered blessed and desirable.