October 15 — Education Day address reference of the Federal Migration Service of the Russian Federation. Supreme Decree of 15 October 1809 in the two capitals of the Russian Empire in the Metropolitan Police Offices were set up addresses from 1839 converted into the address of the expedition (Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire from 1649, Volume XXX, 1808-1809, St. Petersburg, 1830).
These institutions have arisen before the Napoleonic invasion, lasted nearly 80 years. On the essence of their future activities in the decree states quite clearly: "In order to give prominence to a large class of people posting various positions in private homes of the two capitals of employment or other conditions, and particularly with the intention shalt bind to the good administration of the various titles of home ..." .
The decree of October 15, it was assumed that the office staff will consist of two governors — one Russian and the other a foreigner or Russian, which owns the French, German, English and Italian, two secretaries, two interpreters treasurer and four clerks. The office address serves two important functions: financial and police. Those who wish to apply for the service in the capital left in the passport office addresses and instead got a ticket for a fee at the residence.
In § 18 of the Regulations of the Office of addresses is written: "No one can take the ticket without this person in whatever Anyway positions in his house, without being for the content of undocumented collection of two rubles for each day. " Themselves as free riders Chief of Police was immediately expelled from the city. With a huge number of tickets issued (in the 1830s in St. Petersburg, for example, they were issued to 150 000 a year and slightly less than in Moscow), these contributions amounted to a very solid contributions to the city budget.
In 1839 transformed the office address in the Address expedition, and when it opened up an address table, "for delivering each and everyone of wanting to relevant information about the place of residence of abode in the capital." The same address table and appeared in Moscow, but in 1861, "following the example of St. Petersburg." Targeted offices in St. Petersburg and Moscow lasted until 1888.
Rebirth targeted units received after the October Revolution of 1917. on May 4 in 1923 the NKVD RSFSR approved the regulation "On the office address and address tables in the Russian Federation." In the position shown, that notwithstanding that the organization established with city police to provide an accurate recording and reporting of the population in cities and address information for the issuance of both institutions and individuals.
After the introduction of registration of the population even more expanded opportunities address reference work. In connection with this Circular, the NKVD of November 11 in 1926, it was announced the new Regulations on targeted offices and address tables in the RSFSR. With the adoption of this Statement is basically completed the formation of targeted offices.
Until recently targeted Bureau is a division of Ministry of Internal Affairs, Internal Affairs, Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the largest municipal police department. With the reorganization of the Federal Migration Service as part of its regional divisions were formed sections address reference works as a successor address bureau. The main function of the department is the organization and implementation of the work to implement the administrative procedures of formation, storage, use and disclosure of address reference information.
Modern addressable reference work is organized on the basis of:
— existing and constantly corrected array of documented information;
— use of automated information systems with the use of standardized hardware and software that have passed the relevant examination and certification;
— unified information resources with the use of common formats and classifications credentials standard protocols and regulations of the exchange of information .
Automated information systems provide the ability to define information about the status of credentials of the subject address reference information (physical person requested to be address-reference information) on any given date within a period of twenty-five from the current date , and on the subject of address reference information that changed the family name, first name, sex, date and place of birth — within a period of fifty years from the current date.