Thanksgiving — a holiday of gratitude for all the best of experienced in the outflowing year — a national holiday in Canada and the United States.
The essence and the meaning of it are common to all North Americans, although the date of the celebration visibly separated in time: in Canada, it is the second Monday in October, and in the U.S. — the fourth Thursday of November.
History Thanksgiving in Canada goes back to an English pirate, explorer Martin Frobisher, who, trying to find a northern sea passage to India and China, was imprisoned in the ice off the coast of North America . The harsh conditions of the ships and destroyed part of a team. Others to survive, had to land on the coast of Labrador today, where in 1578, Frobisher held a formal ceremony of thanksgiving for the happily endured a long and dangerous journey. It is considered the first Canadian Thanksgiving and the first thanksgiving took place in North America in general.
At the same time, French settlers, having crossed the ocean and arrived in the territory of present-Canada with explorer Samuel de Champleynom also offered up the Almighty thanksgiving prayers and organized abundant feasts of thanks. They even set up a "custom of good mood", with pleasure and gratitude, sharing a meal with their neighbors, the natives who helped them survive in the harsh North American winters inhumanly.
These ceremonies continued to pursue other colonists, mastering the North American continent . Apparently, multi-day feast in honor of the abundant harvest, saving lives the first settlers of Plymouth Colony fall of 1621, on which are counting their days of thanksgiving current U.S. residents was just another event in the framework of long-existing tradition ...
Over the years the festival gained so many customs and several times changed its position in the calendar. One thing has remained constant: the day it was supposed to thank God (or, if you will, destiny) for services rendered by grace. What is it? It was determined separately, depending on current events and from the place of celebration.
On the territory of Lower Canada Thanksgiving Day was first celebrated on 10 January 1799, "as a sign of victory over our enemies, and to honor the invaluable and varied graces who received and continue to receive our kingdom and its province. " Over the years, Canadians have to express gratitude for the end of the war between Britain and France, for the cessation of the cholera epidemic to end the bloodshed in Europe (meaning the Napoleonic Wars). A June 4, 1856 Canadian residents said a separate "thank you" for the restoration of peace between Great Britain and Russia.
First since the Confederation of Thanksgiving in Canada was recorded April 15, 1872 in honor of the recovery of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) from a serious illness. For a long time after this Canadian Thanksgiving had not only fixed date in the calendar, but also a certain direction of universal gratitude of Canadians: at different times and at different times Canadians have expressed their gratitude for a bountiful harvest either, or for what the special annual ordered by decree until finally, in 1931, was developed streamlined wording: "the total thanks to the Almighty God for the grace with which it rewards people in Canada." Date of the festival is firmly entrenched on the second Monday of October. So firmly that when in 1935, on the occasion of elections on Monday, Thanksgiving Day has been moved to Thursday, the people rebelled in the extreme.
In 1957 was released the latest declaration, according to which Thanksgiving Canada should be celebrated on the second Monday in October.
A traditional dish of the day — roasted stuffed turkey (Photo: Bochkarev Photography, Shutterstock) Despite the difference in the dates of celebration of Thanksgiving Day in Canada and the United States, the tradition of the holiday are the same: this is usually one of the output when the family gather around a large table . Traditional meals in the day — roasted stuffed turkey with cranberry sauce and beautifully decorated with whipped cream pumpkin pie and other delicious things on the table, most of which are homemade. On this day holiday services in the churches. And shop windows and patios and facades are decorated with specially issued to this day chuchelko, thatched birds, pumpkins, leaves. And for many people — it's just a happy occasion to get together with loved ones, thank fate for peace and prosperity in the family, for the family fortune in the past year. In addition, it «long weekend» — a long weekend that everyone loves and happy to spend a no-brainer on the origins of the holiday itself.
Also, Thanksgiving is for all kinds of good works and charity — No wonder a massive collection of money "for the poor" takes place in Canada in the early autumn. Finally, this day is still retained elements of the "Harvest Festival" — are confined to it many fall fairs.
In the United States, where Thanksgiving is celebrated in November, he is considered one of the most important holidays comparable in importance only to that of Christmas. In Canada, it is given a somewhat smaller value. But the meaning of the holiday to the south and north of the forty-ninth parallel, separating the two countries remains the same: to this day, the whole family is sure to meet the overall celebratory table (with the indispensable turkey with cranberry sauce) and together to reminisce about the affairs of bygone days. "Today, all elevate upright and humble praise God — except turkeys" — wrote about this holiday .