October 12, 1492 Italian (according to some sources — Spanish ) landed in the New World — the day the expedition of Christopher Columbus reached the island of San Salvador in the Bahamas archipelago, which was subsequently taken over official date of the discovery of America.
While most other countries of the Americas Columbus Day (Columbus Day) is celebrated on October 12 (which is logical and justified) in the United States, it is celebrated on the second Monday in October.
This event is quite controversial, because European settlement in the Americas led to the disappearance of the history and culture of many indigenous peoples of the continent.
On this day, the population of the United States celebrates the anniversary of the opening of the country, attending public church services and other activities. Some cities are special services, parades and large ceremonies. Most celebrations are concentrated around the Italian-American communities. Particularly noteworthy are the celebrations held in New York and San Francisco.
Columbus Day is a public output in many parts of the U.S., but in some states, such as California, Nevada, Hawaii, day celebrated. Government agencies and schools are usually closed, but commercial organizations can work. Over government buildings raise the national flag of the United States.