Sicilian St. Agatha (St. Agatha of Sicily, 231 -251) was from a famous family, who lived on the island of Sicily.
After baptism it for the love of Christ, has decided to remain chaste. But her beauty attracted the attention of the Roman governor Kvitsiana. When Kvitsian, like other candidates grooms, Agatha was refused, he hated the girl. Kvitsian, fulfilling orders of the emperor, led a wave of persecution of Christians Sicilian. One of the first was arrested Agatha.
First, the governor gave it at the disposal of one of the dissolute women to their actions that contributed to the deprivation of virginity Agatha. When that failed, the governor ordered her torture.
At this time in Sicily earthquake, which killed many pagans, and then frightened the governor, seeing the hand of Providence, stopped the persecution of Christians. Frightened executioners stopped torment Agatha, but she already could not stand the torture, has died in prison.
This happened February 5 251 years. In its early years the holy martyr left this world with the words on his lips: "Lord, who protected me from childhood, took out my heart to love the world and helped to undergo many tests, receive my spirit."
holy martyr Agatha local Christians were buried outside the city, and 60 years later, her remains moved to the newly built cathedral in the city of Catania, where the body of the saint and rests to this day.
A year after the death of Agatha eruption of Mount Etna. The faithful offered up many prayers of his patron agate, lava and walked around the city side.
St. Agatha believe heavenly protector of natural disasters. According to ancient tradition, the Day of St. Agatha consecrated bread, salt and water, by which the place where they are protected from fires and lightning strikes. Believers are often thrown into the fire in her day consecrated bread and salt, to safeguard their homes from the raging fire.
From this holy day, we introduce some restrictions on food — the faithful are preparing for Lent.