International Day of girls

October 11 is the International Day of girls (International Day of the Girl Child). This date is proclaimed the United Nations General Assembly in recognition of the rights of girls and the unique challenges they face around the world.

First day of girls was celebrated in 2012 and was dedicated to the actual problem in many countries of the world — children marriages. According to statistics, nearly one in three women in the world between the ages of 20 and 24 was first married before reaching 18 years. A third of them were married earlier than they turned 15. Especially frightening trend in developing nations: 90 percent of children who are born to 15-19-year-olds — children girls already married.

At the same time, child marriage is a violation of basic human rights and a negative impact on all aspects of the lives of girls. Early marriage deprives girls of childhood. They remain confined to interrupt the education, the possibility of such girls are severely limited and the risk of being subjected to violence and abuse increases several times.

Child marriage threatens the health and lives of girls as well as lead to early pregnancies, to which the body of a child is often simply not ready.

The first officially celebrated World Day for girls was intended to draw public attention to the problem of early marriage. In this day of national governments in partnership with civil society and the international community to take immediate steps to ensure that end the pernicious practice of child marriage. To do this, the United Nations recommended that the level of the government to enact laws regulating the minimum age for marriage to improve access to quality primary and secondary education, and to provide assistance to young women who are already married.