Today, civil defense is an integral part of the construction of the defense and security country and performs one of the most important functions of the state. Specialized civil defense Russia over the years have participated in more than 150 thousands of rescue operations in Russia and the 48-countries around the world.
4 October 1932 Resolution government was set up local anti-union system of defense of the USSR (MoEHE) and approved the provision of it.
In 1961 MoEHE has been transformed into a civil defense (TD) of the USSR. At this time, developed the theoretical framework for the protection of the population, and all over the country carried out a range of organizational, engineering, sanitary, epidemiological and other special events.
26 April in 1986, after the Chernobyl, on the GO was tasked to combat natural and man-made disasters.
In November 1991, after the establishment of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM Russia), it was composed of civil defense troops.
Now in Russian and effectively formed a unified state system of prevention and liquidation of emergency situations (emergency management), which is a national system of countering crises.
In 1993, the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations included in the International Civil Defence (ICDO), has a permanent secretariat ICDO representatives and participates in all the major events held by the organization. World Civil Defence Day celebrated annually March 1.