Feast of St. Michael

Feast of St. Michael (Feast of the Archangel Michael), celebrated in the Catholic tradition 29 September, in the Middle Ages was considered mandatory, but since the 18th century, gradually lost their solemn significance. The veneration of the Archangel Michael ancient times was associated with a belief in the triumph of good over evil.

In the iconography of Michael often depicted as a warrior-protector, the protector of God's people in their struggle for freedom. In the Revelation of St. John the Evangelist says: "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought against them, but did not prevail, and there was no place for them any longer in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. " (Revelation 12:7-9)

Fathers of the Church teach that it was Michael cherub put at the gates of paradise to guard the way to the tree of life, he also chaired the Israelites during the Exodus from Egypt, through him, God given the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai, he stood in the way of Balaam and defeated the army of the Assyrian king Sennacherib. From Archangel Michael to bind to and other important biblical scenes.

In the Old Testament, the Archangel Michael serves mainly as a military patron of the Chosen People. He is the messenger of victory over the forces of the Gentiles. It would seem, the military function of St Michael and had to go to the Christian tradition. However, this did not happen. Not because the early Christians did not have the patron saints of the armies — of course they were, but this role was carried out mainly martyrs.

Warriors Christians sought the intercession of the saints {holiday-George {644} / holiday}, Theodore, and others with diameters. The saint prayed for the health of Michael. This is probably due to the fact that Archangel Michael was seen as the winner of evil spirits, which are considered a source of disease. In Phrygia (in ancient country of central Asia Minor), where most evolved veneration of St. Michael, its value as an angel-healer also eclipsed the military look.

In many parts of Asia Minor there are thermal springs, dedicated to Saint Michael. The most famous source in the town Herotopa, near the Colossus, according to legend, created by the Archangel, where each weak, swim, and called on the Blessed Trinity and St. Michael, were healed.

St. Michael is revered as a heavenly intercessor the sick, the dying, and the doctors and drivers "first aid". He is also the patron saint of sailors, soldiers, police officers and, of course, the knights of the Church.

In Ireland, in the Middle Ages, the authority of the archangel Michael did not concede the authority of the Mother of God: an appeal to Mikhail regularly combined with a reference to the Virgin Mary, and, could even stand in the first place: "Saint Michael, pray for us Holy Mary, pray for us ...". This role of Saint Michael as a mediator between God and man, is reflected in some of the images of the Last Judgment, where the archangel Michael on the scales of justice weighs the souls of the dead.