International Day of caravan

Today is no ordinary holiday — International Day for caravan. It is celebrated karavanovozhatye and other participants convoys and ship convoys, truck drivers, teams and crews of merchant vessels escort ships. This professional holiday established in 1995 by the International Association for the rationalization of transport and cargo handling (International Cargo Handling Co-ordination Association, ICHCA).

The date chosen holiday 24 September — birthday of the famous British explorer and navigator ages 16-17 William Adams (William Adams, 24 September 1564 — May 16 in 1620). He is considered the first European to reach the coast of Japan. After his voyage in the years 1597-1600, William Adams lived in the Land of the Rising Sun 20 years, playing a large role in the development of trade relations between Japan and England and Holland.

According to another version, the International Day dedicated to the caravan {event-end 1380} AH {/ event} — a holiday in honor of resettlement and the first Muslims from Mecca to Medina.

The word "caravan" originally meant a group of people traveling together, and their pack animals: camels, horses and donkeys. Typically, traders united in this way for mutual assistance in the danger area. The most famous caravan route was the Silk Road connecting China with Central Asia and the known from the 2nd century BC.

Later, the name of the "caravan" spread on a convoy of cargo ships carrying goods over long distances. These caravans are actively used, for example, the Venice trading republic. Currently caravans — after the icebreaker — go to court for the Northern Sea Route. Distributed as river caravans. So name a few barges or rafts, which sets in motion a tug.