Octoberfest (Oktoberfest) — the world's biggest beer festival. It takes place in the capital of Bavaria — Munich, beginning in the second half of September and lasts 16 days.
It all started with the marriage of Bavarian Crown Prince, Crown Prince Ludwig I and Princess Therese of Saxony. October 12, 1810, the day of their wedding took place on the holiday festivities were invited to all the inhabitants of the city. They gathered in a large meadow, at the time was outside the city limits. Now, in honor of the princess, he is called Theresienwiese (Theresienwiese). For Munich that day festivities were arranged with free beer and horse races.
Everything went so lively and fun that Ludwig ordered celebrate Oktoberfest every year. Each year, the tradition of previous years remained, and added to them. For example, in 1811, added to jumps holiday farmers showing the most beautiful horses and bulls. In 1818, roundabouts have been installed and swings. Then put the first beer stalls. In 1881 he opened the first and the world's largest roaster chickens.
Since 1810 the annual tradition of the festival was interrupted only during the world wars. After the Second World War Beer Festival opened in 1950, on the orders of the then Mayor of Munich's Thomas Wimmer. Since then, he has held every year. In 2003, the Munich said "celebration in October" 170 times.
The tradition of Oktoberfest — The discovery of giant beer tents (Photo: Losevsky Pavel, Shutterstock) By tradition, the opening day, at exactly 12:00, the mayor uncorks a barrel of beer. This symbolic act gives the start "beer marathon." Then, through the main streets of the city begins to move a festive procession. At its head — «Munchner Kindi» — a symbol of the city — a young girl with a large bell in hand riding on a decorated horse. She is dressed in a monk's clothes yellow and black.
Next to it are moving carriage mayor of Munich and Bavaria administration. This is followed by a string of carriages and carts decorated with beer from all parts of Germany, especially in Bavaria. Besides them involved in the process column shooters, artists and performers of folklore, brass bands, troops in historic uniforms, as well as representatives from all regions of Germany. In the hands of the marchers — musical instruments from different parts of the country, used since ancient times to the present day. On the move played traditional genre scenes, people are decorated with branches and garlands.
This traditional costume procession received the honorary title of the most beautiful and historically important and best organized in the world. The procession is always held on the same route with a length of 6 kilometers. It begins at the Siegestor and passes through the gorgeous streets of the inner city to the principal place of celebration — Meadow Teresa.
The hosts and guests do not only drink beer, but also play music ... (Photo: Dennis Cox, Shutterstock) Another tradition of Oktoberfest — The discovery of giant beer tents, popularly referred to as the "tents". Each year, there are exactly 14. The first such "tent" appeared in 1896. The biggest of them belonging to the Munich beer «Hofbrauhaus», placed 11,000 people. And we are talking only about the seats: Germans prefer to drink beer just sitting. In almost all the tents are all the people together at long tables.
Each tent — its capacity and its own feature. For example, in the brewery Augustine (Augustiner-Festhalle), designed for 10,000 people, serves beer from wooden barrels, brewed by monks. In Schottenhamel (6,000 seats) often go unchecked and wild college students. Near the city's oldest beer — beer-crossbow shooters (Armbrustschutzenzelt) — shooting gallery with 14 stands for firing a crossbow. And in Winzerer Fahndl can come with children — there is quiet, calm, family-style.
Beer can be bought not only in the tents: during the Oktoberfest celebration is immersed in the city, opened numerous points on the beer fresh air — beer garden (beer gardens).
Beer spread the waitresses dressed in old German costumes. Affects the endurance of these women, easily lifting of 3-4 beers. And after drinking beer at Oktoberfest liter mug, called the "masses." For the first time the "masses" appeared already in 1892. It is interesting that during the holiday visitors take away with them as a souvenir of the festival, more than 70,000 of these mugs!
Despite the fact that the beer — drink strictly for adults, and children during the holidays does not forget . For future potential participants festivals specially built carousel, sold ice cream and other sweets. Children ride on the children's railway, ride in carts pulled by horses, they arranged a special presentation. At each corner are selling glowing horns, hearts, hats with flashing lights.
However, buying them not only children but also adults. And sometimes for practical reasons. By flashing in the dark hearts and sprockets special service identifies those who are a bit exhausting beer, fell asleep in the open air. On their carts will be taken to a special place where the poor guy will be able to sleep, and take away from their friends and relatives.
... and eat a variety of delicacies (Photo: Lilyana Vynogradova, Shutterstock) All 16 days drinking beer accompanied by a rich entertainment program. Costume parades, processions, shooters, racing, concerts follow each other. Near beer can often be seen dancing in traditional Bavarian costumes with leather pants, tap dance "shuplattl" heavy alpine boots. Also, you are waiting with their tours of the brewery and the beer museum.
The scope of the holiday is best told by the statistics. During the festival, consumed about 7 million liters of beer (every year this amount increases), consumed about 1.5 million fried chicken and sausages, 84 Bull. Beer provided by six Munich breweries, beer is sold in 650 locations. Additionally opened 363 shops with souvenirs. Visitors are entertained 200 rides and concert venues.
During the festival, Munich has more than 7 million tourists from all over the land. The holiday itself is sanctified live TV channels from around the world. For all this beer festival "Oktoberfest" was entered in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's largest holiday.