Groundhog Day

Groundhog Day (Groundhog Day) — a traditional folk festival in Canada and the U.S., which is celebrated annually February 2. It is believed that on this day to watch the groundhog, crawls out of his hole, and it is possible to judge the behavior of the proximity of the onset of spring.

If the day is cloudy, the groundhog sees its shadow, and quietly leaves the burrow — Winter will soon be over, and in the spring this year is expected early. If the day is sunny, the groundhog sees his shadow and hides back in the hole — will be six more weeks of winter. In some towns and cities of USA and Canada on this day a festival dedicated to the local meteorological marmot, gathering numerous tourists.

The history of the festival goes back to very old times, when on February 2, according to the Gregorian calendar, the Christians of Europe was {holiday-celebrated 139} Candlemas {/ holiday}. Even then, the weather that day was considered responsible for the nature of the impending start of the long-awaited spring. In North America, is still popular old Scottish proverb: If Candlemas Day is bright and clear, there'll be two winters in the year (If Candlemas Day is clear and cloudless — to be two winters in the year).

The tradition of people to shift responsibility for the long-term weather forecasts, "our little brothers" began in ancient Rome, where he celebrated each year on February 2, Day hedgehog. Meteorological weather that day was based on the behavior of the awakened urchin who saw or did not see his shadow. Western Europeans kept this tradition in the later periods, and migrants from their numbers in North America at the time, along with other traditions brought with them and her. On the other side of the ocean, where sea urchins were not found, the role of responsible meteorologist moved to marmots.

Today, there are seven of the most famous in the world of marmots meteorologists: Pankssatoneysky Phil (Punxsutawney Phil), Uayrtonsky Willie (Wiarton Willie ), Chuck of Staten Eylandt Zoo (Staten Island Chuck), Shubinakadsky Sam (Shubenacadie Sam), Billy Balzaksky (Balzac Billy), Marmot Jimmy (Jimmy the Groundhog) and Bearegard General Lee (General Beauregard Lee).

marmot living on turkey Panksutoni Gorka village in the mountains of Pennsylvania (USA), — the first official groundhog meteorologist. For over twenty years, beginning in 1886, people are watching the forecasts Pennsylvania groundhog. In honor of this event in the state hosts the annual festival, which became world famous after the movie "Groundhog Day", which was the star of the groundhog named Phil — the famous "rodent forecaster" in America.