19 September in 1982 professor at Carnegie Mellon University Scott Fahlman (Scott E. Fahlman) first proposed the use of three characters following a row — a colon, a hyphen and a close parenthesis to indicate "smiley face" in a text that is typed on the computer. It was the completion of a major electronic lexicon.
History has recorded that same letter that Fahlman sent to a local bulletin board, which was the prototype of today's Forum and at the time was the main means of communication between the staff of the University.
Here is his letter:
«19-Sep-82 11:44 Scott E Fahlman :-) From: Scott E Fahlman I propose that the following character sequence for joke markers :: -) Read it sideways.
Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends. For this, use :-(»
The historic post was preceded by a long discussion, in which participants discussed the question of what the characters should be used in order to indicate that the message is humorous in nature. Has to be said that the message which was first used "smiley", was found only in 2002, in the archives of the boards that have been preserved on film.
In the "digital archaeological excavations," which was organized solely for the purpose of finding this message and thereby determine the date of birth of the "smiley", took several enthusiasts :-).
For more than 25 years of its existence, "smiley" became a fixture in electronic communication, and most can no longer imagine how you can it would be without it.
«Smile» replaces that which is lacking in communication via chat or e-mail — tone of voice and facial expressions. "Smiles" to help you better understand the interlocutor, to catch his mood, after all, they are just fun and evoke positive emotions.
At the beginning of October is celebrated World Smile Day.