Today librarians Belarus — and with them, many readers — celebrate their professional holiday. Library Day (Dzen b?bl?yatek) has appeared in the country in 2001 by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of September 8 in 2001, and the date of the holiday — September 15 — chosen in honor of the founding of the National Library, the country's main book depository.
National Library, the first bearing the name of Vladimir Lenin, was established in 1922. It is based on book funds raised for the Library of the Belarusian State University, also sent books here the largest libraries of Moscow, St. Petersburg and other cities of the Soviet Union.
Before World War II Library in Minsk on the number of copies and the value of publications was seventh in the country and, in addition, was among the top 30 libraries in the world. By 1941, there were more than 2 million volumes and the number of repeat visitors exceeded 15,000 people. Unfortunately, during the war, 80 percent of the books were destroyed or removed by the Nazis. However, in 1944, just a few days after the liberation of Minsk, the government decided to restore the library. In October 1944, she has opened for the readers.
Today, the National Library of Belarus is regularly visited by almost 90,000 people. Readers are available for more than 8 million books and 3 million periodicals. In addition, the library contains over 70,000 rare printed books and manuscripts.
The new building of the National Library, built in the early 21 th century can be called a true jewel of the city. The building of a huge glass diamond became attraction of Minsk, and its interiors reminiscent of tropical gardens: it collected more than 100 species of plants from all over the world.
However, the history of book collections in Belarus began much earlier than it opened the National Library. The first collection of books in the country appeared in the 11th century, originally they were created by churches and monasteries. The oldest is considered to be a library of St. Sophia Cathedral of Polotsk. In the 17th century the book depository has acted in Minsk, Slutsk, Mogilev. The first public library in Belarus opened in 1830 in Grodno. To date, there are about 9,000 libraries, the general fund of more than 200 million copies.
Library Day in Belarus there is a variety of observances, academic conferences, educational actions, collecting books. Often take part in them guests from abroad — primarily, of course, from Russia. Recently it has become a holiday tradition not to limit one day and spend a whole week dedicated to the Library Day.