Activities of the World Day of wetlands ( World Wetlands Day), intended to draw the attention of the public and the governments of the various countries of the world on the value of wetlands to support the sustainability of our planet.
The Convention on Wetlands (Convention on Wetlands), Wetlands of International Importance primarily as Waterfowl Habitat, signed February 2 in 1971 in Ramsar (Iran), and since then is known as the Ramsar Convention (Ramsar Convention).
The main purpose of the Ramsar Convention is the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands as a means of achieving sustainable development throughout the world. World Day of wetlands was first noted in 1997.
One of the main conditions of accession to the Ramsar Convention is to create at least one Ramsar site on its territory. Site selection is carried out by a complex system of criteria. Land declared state of Ramsar, recorded by the Secretariat of the Convention on the List of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance). Information on the status of these objects contained in the database of the International Bureau for the conservation of wetlands and continuously updated.
In 1971, the Ramsar Convention was signed by 18 countries in 2000, they became 119, and now to 159 states have joined the Convention. The total number of Ramsar sites listed in the List of 1869 with a total area of ??1,836,000 square kilometers.
Government of the USSR in 1975 was announced on 12 wetlands of international importance, three of which were in the territory of the RSFSR . In September 1994, by decree of the Government of the Russian Federation's international status has been confirmed for the three pre-existing land and put another 32 sites.
Therefore, this resolution was declared 35 of wetlands, covering an area of ??10.7 million hectares. Lands are located on the territory of 21 subjects of the Russian Federation.