History of the customs system of the Republic of Moldova begins immediately after the declaration of independence of the state — 4 September in 1991, with the entry into force of the Decree of the President of Moldova № 189 from on September 3 in 1991, "On the subordination of customs authorities in the territory of the Republic of Moldova».
This decree provided for the transfer of all customs structures, located in the territory of the Republic of Moldova, consisting at that time of the Customs Ungheni Leuseni and internal customs Chisinau, under the leadership of the Government of the Republic.
Customs Service of the Republic of Moldova is the central administrative body that provides economic security, carries out the customs policy and directly supervise customs activities in the Republic of Moldova.
The objectives of the Customs Service is to ensure, in accordance with international standards, economic security, trade facilitation, in collaboration with civil society and the business community in order to promote international trade and the creation of a climate conducive to investment.
Mission Customs Service is to implement customs policy, to ensure economic security by ensuring the safety of international trade, customs compliance, insofar as import and export customs duties, combat customs offenses, professional development and transport Administration, which implements the international standards for the simplification of customs procedures and the protection of society, applying impartially customs legislation .
Since October 1994, the Republic of Moldova became a full member of the World Customs Organization. Since the establishment of the customs authorities and to this day there is their constant and stable development, which is reflected in the development of modern technologies used in international practice.