His feast officers patrol celebrate September 2. On this day in 1923 the central administration of the NKVD issued the "Instruction militiaman." This document regulated the general provisions of the guard service, as well as the rights and obligations of its employees.
By the summer of 1926 units patrol appeared in almost all cities. By this time, introduced a single uniform for staff and faculty established a distinctive sign — white metal shield with the name of the site and the number of guards.
Divisions patrol officers were instructed to observe the order in the streets, gardens, parks and other common areas. Moreover, the government has identified the protection of public safety as one of the main responsibilities of the police.
In 1962 he issued a decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers "On measures to strengthen the activities of the Soviet Militia", which sets out the basic tasks the role and place in the general system of government. Much of it was devoted to the organization of PPP. A year later came into effect is another important document — the Charter of the patrol service.
To date, more than 5,000 employees PPP state awards for their courage and heroism in the performance of duty by law enforcement.
Today patrol and inspection service is one of the largest units of the Russian police. Its staff guarding the rule of law and ensure public safety in all parts of the country.