Today, when Americans celebrate the equality of women (Women's Equality Day), the United States continues to advocate for the rights of women around the world.
Day was introduced by Bella Abzug and first celebrated in 1971.
AbzugBella Bella Abzug (Bella Abzug, July 24, 1920 — March 31, 1998) — American politician, lawyer, social activist, writer, commentator and feminist news with Russian roots — her parents emigrated the United States from Russia. In 1970, she became the first Jewish woman elected to the U.S. Congress (worked from 1971 to 1976). She remembered not only for his activism, but also a big hat — and then, and more attracted to Abzug emergency attention.
But the road to the establishment of the Day of the equality of women began in the mid-19th century.
On Conference on Women's Rights in Seneca Falls (Seneca Falls Woman's Rights Convention) in 1848, gathered a group of enthusiasts and proclaimed that "all men and women are created equal," and that "the creator has endowed them with certain unalienable Rights».
The meeting turned into a national movement, which led to the adoption in 1920 the 19th Amendment — Women's Suffrage (Woman Suffrage Amendmen) — to the U.S. Constitution, which provides women full voting rights.
The adoption of this amendment was the culmination of a mass movement for the civil rights of women, which lasted many decades in a row. However, it took many more years to achieve the implementation of this law in practice, that all women, regardless of color or race can fully enjoy their rights.
It is known that in some countries women are still faced with such extreme violations of human rights as female circumcision, many are forced into prostitution or marry in childhood.