International Day of the jeweler

Job jeweler — one of the most ancient, as to adorn themselves People have always loved. The first jewelry made from a variety of ancillary materials that are amenable to treatment with primitive tools of the time. It could be a necklace of shells, necklaces of fangs, stones with a hole on the leather strip ... The rich and luxurious decorations wore a tribal chief.

Homeland jewelry is Ancient Greece. It was first manufactured stone carving, there were decorations made of precious metals and gems. The works of the old masters and is now striking beauty and grace. In the ornaments used precious stones, pearls, amber, gemstones. Small pearls was made embroider garments.

In Russia, the gems were considered a symbol of supreme vlastiIstoriya jewelry business in Russia goes back a long way and begins with the birth of Kievan Rus and the Vladimir-Suzdal principality (Ages 9-12). Russian jewelry art centers at different times were ancient Russian city of Veliky Ustyug, Vologda, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Pskov, Yaroslavl, St. Petersburg, Moscow, and many others.

In Russia, widely used gold and silver rims for the stones, and precious stones themselves were considered a symbol of supreme power. They are encrusted crown, the scepter, the royal scepter and orb. The king's storehouses were constantly replenished gems that drove from all over the world.

In the mid-17th century a Russian mining gems. In the Urals deposits were discovered malachite, and in Siberia was mined agate, carnelian and jasper.

Jewelry House of Faberge, supplies almost all the royal houses of Europe, Asia and AfrikiPri Peter Ural gems are renowned worldwide. In Russia began to build a diamond cutting and polishing factory.

brilliant century was one of the peaks of Russian jewelry. Products jewelry factories that time characterized by an original combination of new forms and at the same time traditional Russian aesthetics.

each time in Russian art of jewelry scales, there is a favorite combination of gems. If the second half of the 17th century works of Russian jewelry factories are seamlessly combined in a single product of bright sapphires and rubies, often in combination with enamel, in the 18th century aristocracy favorite stone is brilliant — cut diamond.

In the mid-19 century in Russia began to mine gems — diamonds, emeralds, topazes, rubies. Art of stone at that time reached a high level.

Of Ural gems were made not only jewelry, but also a variety of art objects: vases, figurines, candlesticks, table tops, which are in great demand among the affluent audience. (Photo: Dimj, Shutterstock)

In the second half of the 19th century was based jewelry house , which quickly gained popularity and began to carry out orders of the royal family. In jewelry Faberge used rhinestone, jasper, jade, lapis lazuli, and various types of quartz. Faberge jewelry house has supplied its products to almost all the imperial and royal houses of Europe, Asia and Africa. Have survived Faberge highly prized by collectors and true fans of jewelry masterpieces.

Traditions established by the great jewelers of the past, continue to the modern masters, pleasing our beautiful products that meet all the canons of jewelry.

Traditions established by the great jewelers of the past, maintained by modern masters (Photo: Andrey Burmakin, Shutterstock) in the Orthodox tradition patrons of blacksmiths and jewelers believe the saints Cosmas and Damian. Celebration in honor of their memory is called Kuzminka and celebrated twice a year — July 14 and November 14 in the new style.

Catholics there is a legend about Dunstan, patron saint of blacksmiths and jewelers. Once in his forge devil appeared and demanded a shoe for your foot. Dunstan found the devil and his shoe was so painful that he asked for mercy. Dunstan freed the Devil only after a promise that he would never visit a place where there is a horseshoe. Feast day of St. Dunstan's — 19 May.

There are regional festivals in honor of the profession. Thus, since 2010, in accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Yakut jewelers celebrate their professional holiday October 23.