History of Ukraine adopted a count since the establishment of the Kievan state in 9 century. After the decline of public education, and accompany him to collapse into small principalities in the 17th century is formed Cossack Hetman state, which lasted until the end of the 18th century, after which, until the 20th century, the independent Ukrainian state did not exist.
After the October Revolution of 1917 in Ukraine signaled the rise of national movements took shape in the "Third Estate" of the Central Rada November 20 in 1917 and declared the Ukrainian People's Republic — UNR. In Universale was announced on freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, strikes, abolition of the death penalty.
Following the failure of the Ukrainian government to accept the ultimatum Bolshevik Council of People's Commissars, which was required to enable them to send troops to Ukraine and do not miss the Don Cossacks and white officers, began the Ukrainian-Bolshevik war. The military successes of the Bolsheviks forced the NRA to call for help Germany.
Since mid-February 1918 launched an offensive of German and Ukrainian troops to the territory seized by the Bolsheviks. By April of that year, the entire Ukraine was liberated from the Bolshevik occupation, but in fact turned out to be a German — Germany led to power by force of his protege. The ensuing civil war and a series of interventions were completed in March 1919 in Kiev, Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on the adoption of the constitution of the "independent Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)."
December 28 in 1920 between the USSR and the Russian Federation signed the "Worker-peasant alliance treaty about military and economic cooperation", which confirmed the dependence of the Ukrainian SSR of the RSFSR. The next chance for an independent Ukrainian state introduced only in the late 20th century, after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
on August 24 in 1991 the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR declared Ukraine as an independent, democratic country and made a "Declaration of Independence of Ukraine" on the confirmation of an all-Ukrainian referendum December 1 in 1991.