23 August in accordance with the Federal Law ? 32-FZ of on March 13, 1995 "On the days of military glory (victorious days) Russia," the Day of military glory of Russia — Day of the defeat of the German-Soviet troops Nazi troops in the Battle of Kursk in 1943.
The Battle of Kursk was crucial in ensuring a fundamental turning point in the Great Patriotic War. Hitler's command planned to launch a major offensive in the summer of 1943, the master of the strategic initiative and turn the tide of war in their favor. To do this has been developed and in April 1943 approved a military operation, codenamed "Citadel».
Having information about the preparation of Nazi troops for the offensive, the Supreme Command decided to temporarily go on the defensive on the Kursk salient and during the defensive battle to bleed the enemy attack forces. Thus planned to create favorable conditions for the transition of the Soviet troops in the counter-attack, and then in the general strategic offensive.
Part of the memorial complex "Kursk" (Kursk) Developing the offensive, Soviet ground forces, backed by air strikes air armies, as well as long-range aviation, to August 23, 1943 drove the enemy to the west by 140-150 kilometers, liberated Orel, Belgorod and Kharkov.
Wehrmacht lost in the Battle of Kursk 30 elite divisions, including seven tanks, more than 500,000 soldiers and officers, and 1.5 thousand tanks, more than 3,700 aircraft, 3,000 guns. Soviet losses surpassed German — they amounted to 863,000 people, including 254,000 non-repayable. Kursk Red Army lost about six thousand tanks.
After Battle of Kursk the balance of forces at the front has changed dramatically in favor of the Red Army, which ensured its favorable conditions for the development of overall strategic offensive.