day of mobilization against the threat of nuclear war is celebrated around the world anniversary of the adoption of the Delhi Declaration, the main objective of which is to call for an end to the nuclear arms race, and the subsequent reduction of the gradual elimination of nuclear arsenals of the world and the elimination of the threat of nuclear war.
The Delhi Declaration was adopted January 29 in 1985 in the Indian capital of New Delhi at the meeting of heads of state and government of several countries — India, Greece, Mexico, Argentina, Tanzania and Sweden, which were the first countries to sign the document. That since the adoption of the Declaration on Principles for a Nuclear Weapons and non-violent world and traces its history today's holiday.
It must be recalled that the effects of nuclear explosions, both for individual countries and for the entire planet disastrous. After all, even to date security features from them is very limited, and those who will be at the epicenter of the explosion could not be saved at all. Radiation irreparable damage as nature and life and health. All this can lead to fires and epidemics, hunger and looting ... Higher doses of radiation lead to the growth of human cancer, deformities in newborns, genetic mutations. And as a result of large-scale nuclear war, climate disaster happens, and it is difficult to imagine that somewhere in the world will survive at least some human community.
At present, many countries of the world have on their arsenal of nuclear weapons, but its use is prohibited. This is due to the unfortunate events of 1945, when the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were dropped two bombs, which claimed many lives, and the consequences of these events are recorded so far . And although at the time of nuclear weapons in the first and last time in the history of the world was used in warfare, but all subsequent decade, international diplomacy and military strategy states were under the strong influence of developing a plan of management of a possible nuclear war. And the creation of new types of nuclear weapons leaves the question of the nuclear threat for many countries one of the topical issues of international diplomacy today.
Two of the major world powers — the Soviet Union and the United States — in 1953 agreed to a moratorium on nuclear testing in the atmosphere. However, the Soviet Union again began testing in 1961, and a year later, and the United States. Then in 1963, the UN Disarmament Commission has prepared a treaty banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water, which was signed by more than 100 UN member states, including the USSR and the USA.
In 1968, opened for signature, even non-proliferation treaty (also prepared by the UN Commission on Disarmament), which prohibits owning nuclear weapons all countries except the five nuclear powers (Russia, USA, UK, China and France). By the mid-1990s, has been ratified by all five nuclear powers, and all 181 States have signed. Among the 13 countries that have not signed the treaty — India, Israel, Pakistan and Brazil. In 1995, the treaty was extended indefinitely.
It's also worth noting that today virtually non-proliferation regime is on the verge of collapse. In the address nuclear powers more often heard accusations of reneging on commitments to disarmament. For example, the United States withdrew from the ABM Treaty and continue to develop a nuclear weapon. Three nuclear countries — India, Pakistan and Israel — have not signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty, and the countries of the "third world" call to the international community all the more fear, the more that we can not completely rule out the possibility of buying nuclear weapons.