Finis sanctificat media
(The end justifies the means )
December 24 in 1491 in Spain, in the aristocratic but impoverished noble family, was born the thirteenth child — Ignacio ( Iniho) L?pez de Loyola, later world famous as the founder of the Jesuits Ignatius Loyola.
In 1521, at age 30, he began to study religion. The occasion served as military events — the siege of the French troops Spanish city of Pamplona. During the fighting Loyola receives injury — one of the cannon shells shattered his leg and broke down the wall fragment razrushevsheysya another. But Loyola did not leave the battlefield, earning him high praise French. Brave officer was sent to his father's house — the ancestral castle — the treatment, which, as the story goes, brought Loyola not less pain and suffering than wounded in combat.
More than a year Loyola treated crushed feet, doctors were doing their efforts to with increasing bone, but the result did not satisfy Loyola. Moreover, the first knee bone sticking out of the way when walking — on the order of Loyola bone sawed off. Then it turned out that it was one leg shorter than the other — Ignatius ordered to make artificial limbs to pull his leg. Dentures were torture, and as a result, Loyola still remained lame.
It was during treatment Ignatius reads a lot of books that have become an outlet in the fight against disease and suffering. In the ancestral castle kept religious books, "Life of Jesus" and the lives of the saints. There is a theory that these books are offered Ignatius mother to relieve physical, but more likely it is mental anguish of his son. Loyola turned the idea of ??the book about the world being and his own destiny, and in the spring of 1522 he leaves the castle to the monastery. After spending all night in prayer before the icon, he changed his armor on rough clothes hermit ...
In 1541, Loyola founded the Jesuit order, called the "Society of Jesus» (Society of Jesus). The purpose of the Order was to strengthen the authority of the Pope, which, in turn, could be achieved by the penetration of the teachings of the Jesuits in the rich and the ruling circles of different countries. Also, the Jesuits sought to maintain close ties with prominent politicians, does not neglect the agricultural and financial aristocracy, so that through them to have a noticeable impact on the political and social life, spending papal laws.
In other words, the order of the Jesuits served strengthening the shaken prestige of the Catholic Church. The charter of a new religious order of monks was approved by the Pope, and the first cardinal himself was elected to the Order of Loyola. After spending as a Cardinal of the Order to the last day of his life, the patient died of Loyola in Rome July 31 in 1556, and has not appointed a successor.
Architecture of Spain keeps memory of Ignatius Loyola. Near the city Aspeitiya (Azpeitia) is a grand 18th-century Basilica Sanctuary de Loyola, which has become a monument born in these parts saint Ignatius.