«Women in Politics," "Women in Government" — phrases that are seen in today's society and of course, in most cases, positive, like the phenomenon of a woman leader.
World history and modernity know many excellent names of women in politics, women ministers, women Presidents. In some countries, women are elected by the overriding position has for many decades, and in some — a woman running the country on a par with men, still a fairly new phenomenon.
Japan is just one of those countries, which the appearance of women in government in 1960 was historically an unconventional phenomenon.
July 19 1960 Masa Nakayama (Nakayama Masa, 19 January 1891 — October 11 1976) became the first woman in Japan, which received a ministerial post. She was asked to head the Ministry of Health. Since July 19 is unofficially considered Japan's Day of Women Ministers.
Masa Nakayama, bearing the surname before marriage Iida-Powers, was born in the south of Japan, in the city of Nagasaki. Her father was an American businessman, and his mother — Japanese. Masa has been known school Kassui based American Methodist missionaries, and then trained in one of the oldest universities of the United States — Ohio Wesleyan University (Ohio Wesleyan University). Masa Nakayama continued her career in education, and in 1947 was elected to Parliament from Osaka Prefecture. In 1960, she became the first female minister in the cabinet of Prime Minister H. Ikeda. After serving as Minister of Health is only 5 months old, in 1969, Masa Nakayama completely left the parliamentary work.
It should be noted that the post-war years, and especially the second half of the 50s and 60s of the last century, marked Japan's unprecedented economic development, which has received the world's definition of the "Japanese miracle". In 1964, Tokyo became the first city in Asia, host Olympics. Thus, recovering from the Second World War, Japan's economy has taken part in the Olympic Games and said the economic competitiveness and return to the international arena. The period was favorable for women seeking to advance in a professional field.
Since that far in 1960 has been more than half a century, since the political arena Japanese names of the women began to sound more and more often. In the Cabinet, headed by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi in 2001-2006, worked eight women ministers — the highest figure ever recorded. On average, the number of women in the government of 2-4 people.