This is the only Buddhist holiday celebrated on the European calendar. July 6 — birthday .
Buddhists revere His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama as the earthly incarnation of Avalokiteshvara (Chenrezig) — Buddha of Compassion.
Birthday Dalai Lama is celebrated by Buddhists of Tibet and all the followers of Tibetan Buddhism, which combines the recognition of the Dalai Lama as their spiritual leader. On this day in temples prayers are read about the longevity of the Dalai Lama's appeal to him with best wishes.
According to Buddhist legend, after his physical death of the Dalai Lama moved into the body of a newborn. Thus, all who lived in the land of the Dalai Lama is, in fact, one and the same being, changing the body for ease of grown old with new, and at the same time preserving the memory of a highly unified being. There are a number of special features by which the monks searching for a new incarnation of the Dalai Lama, whose birth usually occurs on the territory of Tibet, China and Mongolia.
Dalai Lama XIII left a prediction describing the exact location of their next birth, which was subsequently confirmed by conventional methods. In 1937 he came to the village of Taktser special group of lamas, who sought a new, reborn Dalai Lama. In his book "My land and my people," the Dalai Lama XIV says: "Young children who are reincarnations, usually remember things and people from their previous lives. Some of them can read religious texts, though they no one has taught it. All I said Lama, gave him reason to believe that he finally found the rebirth that was looking».
After appropriate testing four Tenzin Gyatso was recognized reincarnations of the Dalai Lama XIII. The eastern region of Tibet, where the village of Taktser, was under the control of China. After lengthy negotiations between the Tibetan government and the local administration in October 1939, His Holiness left his parents' home and went to Lhasa. February 22 in 1940 the ceremony of his enthronement, and 5-year-old boy was proclaimed leader of all Tibetan Buddhists.
His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso was trained in the traditional system in the Potala and Nor-Bu Ling — summer and winter residence of the Dalai Lama. The program of his training included "five big" and "small five sciences." Five Big Science — it's logic, Tibetan art and culture, Sanskrit, medicine, and Buddhist philosophy. Five small science — it's poetry, music and drama, astrology and literature. At age 24, the Dalai Lama handed multi-stage exams.
The final exams were held in the Jokhang — the first Buddhist temple in Tibet, founded in 641. Examinations were traditionally confined to the annual New Year's Monlam Chhenmo, the largest celebration of prayer. Tenzin Gyatso brilliantly passed examinations in the presence of 20,000 scientists and monks received a higher degree of Doctor of Theology (Geshe Lharamba).