St. Maximus the Greek (1475-1556), born Michael Trivolis, being the son of a wealthy Greek dignitary in the city of Arta (Albania), received an excellent education. In his youth, he traveled and studied languages ??and science in Europe, visited Paris, Florence, and Venice. On his return to Mount Athos arrived and took monastic vows in the Vatopedi monastery.
He enthusiastically studied ancient manuscripts, left on Mount Athos inochestvovavshimi Greek emperors (Andronicus Palaeologus and John Kantakuzenom). At this time, the Grand Duke of Moscow Vasily Ivanovich (1505-1533) wished to understand the Greek manuscripts and books of his mother, Sofia Palaeologus, and appealed to the Patriarch of Constantinople with a request to send him a Greek scholar.
Maxim Enoch was instructed to go to Moscow. On arrival, he was asked to translate into Slavic language interpretation of the Psalter, then the interpretation of the book of the Acts of the Apostles and several liturgical books. St. Maximus diligently and carefully keep all the orders. But, given that Slavic language was not native to the interpreter, of course, there were some discrepancies in the translations.
Moscow Metropolitan Barlaam highly valued works of St. Maximus. When the Moscow throne was occupied by Metropolitan Daniel, the situation changed. New Metropolitan demanded that St. Maximus translated into Slavic church history Blessed Theodoret. Maximus the Greek resolutely refused this request, pointing out that "in the history of this very letter included dissenter Aria, and these things can be dangerous for simplicity».
This failure sowed discord between the Reverend and Metropolitan. Despite the turmoil, the Reverend Maxim continued to work hard in the field of spiritual enlightenment Russia. He wrote letters against Muslims, Romanism, pagans. Translated interpretation of St. John Chrysostom on the Gospel of Matthew and John, and also wrote some of his own works.
When the Grand Duke had intended to terminate his marriage to his wife Solomonia because of her barrenness, a brave confessor Maxim sent Prince "Chapter instructive to the rulers of the Faithful," in which he argued persuasively that the situation requires the prince should not obey the animals passions. St. Maximus in prison. Since then, the beginning of a new, long-suffering during the life of the Monk. Inaccuracies found in translations were imputed St. Maximus the blame as willful damage books.
It was hard to Monk in prison, but he courted the midst of suffering and the great mercy of God. An angel appeared to him and said, "Be patient, an old man! These pangs get rid of damnation. " In prison ascetic written in charcoal on the wall of the canon of the Holy Spirit, who is now being read in the Church: "Who art prepitavy Israel with manna in the desert of old, and my soul, O Lord, fill the All-Holy Spirit, Thou so I serve Him pleased Tee pull out ...".
Six years later, St. Maximus was released from prison and sent to the ecclesiastical ban in Tver. There he lived under the supervision of a good-natured Bishop Acacius, who graciously treated the innocent victims. The Reverend wrote the autobiographical "Think what a monk sad, locked up in prison, comforted and strengthened himself in patience." Only twenty years in Tver Reverend allowed to live freely and stripped off his ecclesiastical ban.
Last years of his life St. Maxim the Greek held at the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. He was about 70 years old. Persecution and the works affected the health of the monk, but his spirit was cheerful, and he continued to work. Together with his cell-mate and student Reverend Neil diligently translated Psalms from Greek into Slavic language. Neither persecution nor the findings do not break the St. Maximus.
Holy reposed on January 21 in 1556. He was buried in the north-west wall of the church Dukhovskoy the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. Witnessed many miracles at the tomb of accomplished ascetic, on which are written the Troparion and Kontakion him. Face of St. Maximus is often depicted in the icon Cathedral of Radonezh saints.